INTRODUCTION TO GLOBALIZATION

Political Science 190. 316

 

Mondays and Tuesdays 3:00pm-3:50pm

Shaffer 101

 

Professor Waleed Hazbun

 

E-mail: hazbun@jhu.edu

Office Hours:  10-Noon, 358 Megenthaler Hall

 

 

This course surveys the impact of the expansion of transnational flows of capital, commodities, people, and ideas on patterns of economic, political, and cultural change. In short, it looks beyond the state-centered perspective common in international relations theory to explore the diverse experiences of globalization in the early 21st century. After an overview of the debate about defining and explaining the impact of globalization and its relationship to the changes dynamics of territoriality, the course surveys various facets of globalization and the expansion of transnational flows including global production, international finance, and economic development, the fate of the nation-state and sovereignty, migration and notions of citizenship, cosmopolitanism, the global cultural economy and its relation of "national" cultures. We conclude by considering a range of political, ideological, and social responses to and American hegemonic power, globalization, and 9/11 as well as agendas for reforming the governance of the global economy.

 

Course requirements:

 

Note on panel presentation and paper: Beginning the 4th week of class, the Tuesday session of each will consist not of a lecture but a panel composed of myself as chair and 4-6 students who will prepare a 5 minute presentations on agreed topics. In most cases these will consist of critiques of the assigned readings and/or discussion of how they relate to the theme of the panel. The panelists will then take questions from the class and the chair. Each student will write a 3-5 page paper on their topic (due in class on Monday), which will then be revised and expanded into an 8-10 paper due within 3 weeks of panel or the last day of class (whichever is sooner). Alternatively, students can suggest an independent essay topic which can either be presented on the most relevant panel, or else presented on May 2 which is set aside for presentations on independence research projects.

 

Required Books:

 

Jan Aart Scholte, Globalization: A Critical Introduction (Palgrave 2000)

Peter Stalker, The No-Nonsense Guide to International Migration (Verso 2001)

Tyler Cowen, Creative Destruction: How Globalization Is Changing the World's Cultures (Princeton 2004)

May 31: Introduction

 

 

February 1: Overview

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 1-40

 

 

February 7: The causes and complexities of globalization

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 41-108

James N. Rosenau, "The Complexities and Contradictions of Globalization," Current History (November 1997): 360-364

Thomas J. Biersteker,  "Globalization and the Modes of Operation of Major Institutional Actors." Oxford Development Studies 26, 1  (February 1998): 15-31

 

February 8: The globalization of finance: The end of geography?

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 111-124

Gerard Toal, "Borderless Worlds? Problematising Discourses of Deterritorialization," in Kliot and Newman (eds.), Geopolitics at the End of the Twentieth Century, (Frank Cass, 2000), pp. 139-154

 

 

February 14: Transnational corporations and the globalization of production

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 124-131

Bruce Kogut, "International business: The new bottom line," Foreign Policy (Spring 1998): 152-165

Peter Dicken, Global Shift: Transforming the World Economy (Guilford, 3rd Edition 1998), pp. 1-15

 

February 15: The states and economic governance

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 132-158

Henry Wai-chung Yeung, "Capital, state and space: contesting the borderless world," Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers  NS 23 (1998): 291-309

Stephen Kobrin, "Economic governance in an electronically networked global economy" in Hall and Biersteker (eds.) The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance (Cambridge, 2002) pp. 43-75.

 

 

February 21: Developing economies, globalization, and inequality

 

Arturo Escobar, "The Invention of Development," Current History (Nov. 1999): 382-386.

Gary Gereffi, "The Elusive Last Lap In The Quest For Developed-Country Status," in  James H. Mittelman, (ed.), Globalization: Critical Reflections (Lynne Rienner, 1996), pp. 53-81.

Scholte, Globalization,  pp. 234-260

 

February 22, Panel 1: "What strategies are viable for developing countries today?

 

Robert H. Wade, "What strategies are viable for developing countries today? The World Trade Organization and the shrinking of 'development space"" Review of International Political Economy 10, 4 (November 2003): 621-644

Clive Crook, "Grinding the poor," The Economist September 29, 2001, pp. S10-S13.

Naomi Klein, No Space, No Choice, No Jobs, No Logo, (Picador 2002), pp. 195-229.

 

 

February 28: Migrants in the global economy

 

Peter Stalker, The No-Nonsense Guide to International Migration, pp. 8-133

 

March 1, Panel 2: Migrants: Economic necessity or social threat?

 

Peter Brimelow, "Time to Rethink Immigration?" National Review June 22, 1992, pp. 30-46

 

 

March 7: Globalization and consumer society

 

Michael Storper, "Lived Effects of the Contemporary Economy: Globalization, Inequality, and Consumer Society," Public Culture 12, 2 (2000): 375-409

 

also: review for midterm

 

March 8: MIDTERM EXAM

 

 

 

March 21: Identities, communities, cosmopolitanism

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 159-183

Samuel P. Huntington, "The Clash of Civilizations?" Foreign Affairs, 72, 3 (Summer 1993): 22-49

 

March 22, Panel 3: "Towards a Europeanization of Islam?"

 

Bassam Tibi, "Muslim Migrants in Europe: Between Euro-Islam and Ghettoization" in Nezar Alsayyad and Manuel Castells (eds.) Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam: Politics, Culture, and Citizenship in the Age of Globalization (Lexington Books, 2002), pp. 31-52.

Paul Lubeck, "The Challenge of Islamic Networks and Citizenship Claims: Europe's Painful Adjustment to Globalization," in Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam, pp. 69-90.

Tariq Ramadan "Europeanization of Islam, or Islamization of Europe?" in Shireen Hunter (ed.), Islam, Europe's Second Religion (CSIS/ Praeger Publishers, 2002) pp. 207-218.

 

 

 

March 28: Trade, markets, and "national" cultures

 

Cowen, Creative Destruction: How Globalization Is Changing the World's Cultures, pp. 1-152

 

 

March 29, Panel 4: "Does globalization threaten local cultures?"

 

Benjamin Barber "Brave New McWorld," Los Angeles Times Book Review February 2, 2003

 

 

 

April 4: Pop cosmopolitanism and the global cultural economy

 

Arjun Appadurai, "Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy," Public Culture, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Spring 1990): 1-24

Ulf Hannerz, "Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture," in Mike Featherstone (ed.) Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization, and Modernity, (Sage, 1990) pp. 237-252.

 

April 5,  Panel 5: "Americanization, cultural homogenization, or something else?

 

Henry Jenkins "Pop Cosmopolitanism: Mapping Cultural Flows in an Age of Media Convergence" in Suárez-Orozco and Qin-Hilliard (eds.) Globalization Culture and Education in the New Millennium (California, 2004) pp. 114-140.

James L. Watson, "China's Big Mac Attack," Foreign Affairs (May/June 2000), pp.  120-134

Paul A. Cantor, Gilligan Unbound: Pop Culture in the Age of Globalization, (Rowman & Littlefield, 2001) pp. ix-xxv.

 

 

 

April 11: Globalization and American power

 

Henry Luce, "The American Century," LIFE magazine February 17, 1941 reprinted in Diplomatic History 23, 2 (Spring 1999), READ ONLY 167-171

Peter J.Taylor, "Izations of the world: Americanization, modernization and globalization," in Colin Hay and David Marsh, (eds.), Demystifying Globalization (Macmillan, 2000), pp. 49-70.

 

 

April 12, Panel 6: "Does globalization promote American hegemony or its decline?"

 

Joseph Nye, The Paradox of American Power, (Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 77-110

Kenneth Waltz, "Globalization and American Power," National Interest  (Spring 2000): 46-56

Robert Wade, "The Invisible Hand of the American Empire," Ethics & International Affairs 17, 2  (2003): 77-88

 

 

 

 

April 18: Anti-globalization movements and global civil society

 

Duncan Green and Matthew Griffith, "Globalization and its discontents," International Affairs 78, 1 (2002): 49-68.

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 261-282

 

April 19, Panel 7: "Anti-globalization movements: what/who do they represent?"

 

Naomi Klein, "Reclaiming the commons" New Left Review No. 9 (May–June 2001): 81-89

Helena Norberg-Hodge, "Break up the monoculture" The Nation July 15/22, 1996, pp. 20-23

Jagdish N. Bhagwati "Coping With Antiglobalization: A Trilogy of Discontents," Foreign Affairs (January/February 2002): 2-8

 

 

April 25: Globalization, geopolitics, and insecurity after 9/11

 

Stanley Hoffmann, "Clash of Globalizations," Foreign Affairs, 81, 4 (July/August 2002)

John Agnew, Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (Routledge, 2nd edition 2003), pp. 115-126

Gerard Toal, "Postmodern Geopolitics? The Modern Geographical Imagination and Beyond,"  in Rethinking Geopolitics (Routledge, 1998), pp. 16-38.

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 207-233

 

April 26, Panel 8: "The Iraq war: In defense of globalization?"

 

Thomas P. M. Barnett, "The Pentagon's New Map," Esquire March 2003

Michael Ignatieff, "The Burden," New York Times Magazine, January 5, 2003

Sue Roberts, Anna Secord, & Matthew Sparke, "Neoliberal Geopolitics" Antipode 35,5 (2003): 886-897.

 

 

May 2, Panel 9: Presentations on independent research projects

 

 

May 3, Panel 10: "Alternative futures and agenda for reform"

 

Scholte, Globalization, pp. 283-314

 

 

FINAL EXAM: 9-noon May 14