Department of Political Science, The Johns Hopkins University


190.343: International Tourism and Politics


Tuesdays and Wednesdays, 10-10:50 am, Shaffer 303


Professor Waleed Hazbun

358 Mergenthaler Hall

hazbun at jhu dot edu

Office Hours: Thursdays 1-3



Tourism is one of the largest sectors of economic activity in the world, and as Jonathan Culler observes, "There are few clearer indicators of shifting lines of force within the economic order than changes in the flow of tourists." Moreover, tourism is political. This course revolves around the idea that the study of tourism provides a powerful lens through which to observe patterns of transnational flows and interaction from the era of European empire-building in the 19th century to the powerful role American tourists, capital, and culture play in shaping the contemporary process of "globalization." In this course we will survey the political, economic, and cultural forces behind the development of the international tourism industry and explore the role of tourism in shaping patterns of economic development, nation building, and the construction of cultural difference.



Attendance, reading, and discussion: You are expected to attend lectures having read the material for that week. Questions are always welcome while the last 20 or so minutes of the Wednesdays sessions will be reserved for discussion. You should have definitely prepared the week's reading by then.



Written requirements: 1) Three 3 page weekly "reaction" papers  in which you give your own critical responses to the readings for that week. You can write these for any 3 weeks of the course. The papers are due in class on Wednesdays, 30% of grade. 2) Midterm paper due March 21, 25% of grade. 3) Final exam, 45% of grade.



Research paper option: If you wish to write a short (6-8 page) research paper on a tourism related topic (due May 2), it will count as 20% of your grade and you will only have to write half of the final exam, counting as 25% of your grade.





David Zurick, Errant Journeys: Adventure Travel in a Modern Age (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995). Available in the bookstore.


Chris Endy, "Cold War Holidays: American Tourism in France" (unpublished manuscript) Available for purchase at Printing Services (x6-8025), ground floor (which is a level below main entrance) of the Wyman Park Building, located on the far side on the parking lot.



Introduction (Jan 28,29)


Daniel J. Boorstin "From traveler to Tourist: The Lost Art of Travel" in The image: a guide to pseudo-events in America (New York : Vintage Books, 1992, or any other edition)


Jonathan Culler, "The Semiotics of Tourism." In Framing the Sign, pp. 153-167.


Somerset R. Waters, "The American Tourist," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, v. 368 (November 1966):109-118



Thomas Cook and the invention of organized tourism (Feb 4,5)


Scott Lash and John Urry, Economies of Signs and Space (London: Sage, 1994) pp. 260-269


Lynne Withey, "Traveling with Millions" in Grand Tours and Cook's Tours: A History of Leisure Travel, 1750-1915 (New York: Morrow, 1997), pp. 135-166.


Karen Kennerly, "Far Away So Close," The New Republic (July 19-26, 1999), pp. 44-9.


Roy Malkin, "The pioneers" UNESCO Courier (July-August 1999).


Richard Stanton Lambert, The fortunate traveler:  a short history of touring and travel for pleasure, (London: Andrew Melrose, 1950), pp. 137-225



Travel, nation-building, and empire (Feb 11,12)


Lynne Withey, "The Grand Tour Moves East" in  Grand Tours and Cook's Tours: A History of Leisure Travel, 1750-1915 (New York: Morrow, 1997), pp. 223-263.


Ellen Furlough, "Une lecon des choses: Tourism, empire, and the Nation in Interwar France" French Historical Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Summer 2002): 441-473


Ali Behdad, Belated Travelers: Orientalism in the Age of Colonial Dissolution (Durham: Duke University Press, 1994), pp. 35-52


Christopher Endy, "Travel and world power: Americans in Europe, 1890-1917" Diplomatic History, 22, 4 (Fall 1998): 565-594.



The other side of Fordism: The state and mass tourism in Europe (Feb 18, 19)


Ellen Furlough, "Making Mass Vacations: Tourism and Consumer Culture in France, 1930s to 1970s," Comparative Studies in Society and History 40, 2 (April 1998): 247-286.


Allan M. Williams and Gareth Shaw, "Western European Tourism in Perspective," pp. 13-39; and Manuel Valenzuela, "Spain: the phenomenon of mass tourism," pp. 40-60, in Tourism and Economic Development: Western European Perspectives, Allan M. Williams and Gareth Shaw (eds.) London: Belhaven Press, 1991).


Ellen Furlough and Rosemary Wakeman, "La Grande Motte: Regional Development, Tourism, and the State." In Shelley Baranowski and Ellen Furlough, eds., Being Elsewhere: Tourism, Consumer Culture, and Identity in Modern Europe and North America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 2001), pp. 348-372.



The rise of the Mediterranean "Packaged tour" (Feb 25)


Orvar Lšfgren, On Holiday: A History of Vacationing (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002), pp. 155-209.


Louis Turner, "The International Division of Leisure: Tourism and the Third World," World Development 4, 3 (March 1976): 253-260.


Group Huit, "The Sociocultural Effects of Tourism in Tunisia: A Case Study of Sousse." In Tourism: Passport to Development?, edited by Emanuel de Kadt, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.) pp. 285-304.


Amy Otchet, "An empire  built on the sands" UNESCO Courier (July-August 1999)



Tourism and the Cold War: American Tourism in France (March 4,5)


Chris Endy, "Cold War Holidays: American Tourism in France" (unpublished manuscript) pp. 1-261, 309-359.


Michael Z. Wise, "A Cold-War Weapon Disguised as a Place to Spend the Night," New York Times July 21, 2001, page A17.


* March 5: Midterm paper topics distributed *



Tourism and globalized networks (March 18, 19)


Mark W. Zacher with Brent A. Sutton, Governing Global Networks: International Regimes for transportation and Communications, (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 81-126


Dimitri Ioannides, "Tour Operators: The Gatekeepers of Tourism." In The Economic Geography of the Tourist Industry: A Supply-side Analysis, edited by Dimitri Ioannides and Keith Debbage, (London: Routledge, 1998), pp. 139-158.


Michael Clancy, "Commodity chains, services and development: Theory and preliminary evidence from the tourism industry," Review of International Political Economy 5,1  (Spring 1998): 122-148


Scott Lash and John Urry, Economies of Signs and Space London: Sage, 1994, pp. 269-278


UNESCO, "The globalization of tourism" UNESCO Courier (July-August 1999)


** Midterm Paper due March 21 by 4:30 in my mail box in 338 Mergenthaler **




Tourism and economic development in the Third World (March 25, 26)


Linda K. Richter, "The Political Dimensions of Tourism," In Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality Research: A Handbook for Managers and Researchers, edited by J.R. Brent Ritchie and Charles R. Goeldner, (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994), Chapter 19.


John Brohman, "New Directions in Tourism for Third World Development," Annals of Tourism Development 23:1 (1996), pp. 48-70


Michael Clancy, "Tourism and Development: Evidence from Mexico," Annals of Tourism Research, 26:1 (1999), 1-20


David Zurick, Errant Journey, pp. 1-36



Commodifying Adventure: Ecotourism and its limits (April 1, 2)


David Zurick, Errant Journeys, pp. 37-187


UNESCO, "Tourism and culture: rethinking the mix" UNESCO Courier (July-August 1999)



The global theme park (April 8, 9)


Susan G. Davis, "The theme park: global industry and cultural form" Media, Culture & Society Vol. 18 (1996) 399-422


Stephen Fjellman, Vinyl Leaves: Walt Disney World and America (Boulder: Westview, 1992), pp. 221-251.


Stacey Warren, "Cultural contestation at Disneyland Paris," in Leisure/Tourism Geographies, Edited by David Crouch (London: Routledge, 1999), pp. 109-125.


Richard Pells, "American Culture goes global, or does it?" Chronicle of Higher Education Vol. 48, Issue 31 (4/12/2002) Chronicle Review p. B7-9.



Tourism and Peace: The  rise and fall of the  "New Middle East" (April 15, 16)


Louis J. D'Amore, 'Tourism: A Vital Force for Peace," The Futurist (May-June 1988): 23-28.


Shimon Peres, The New Middle East (New York : Henry Holt, 1993), pp. 149-153.


Rebecca Luna Stein, "Itineraries of Peace: Remapping Israeli and Palestinian Tourism," Middle East Report No. 196, (September-October 1995): 16-19


Waleed Hazbun, "Mapping the Landscape of the 'New Middle East': The Politics of Tourism Development and the Peace Process in Jordan," in Jordan in Transition, 1990-2000, edited by George JoffŽ, (New York: Palgrave, 2001), pp. 330-345.


Rebecca L. Stein, "'First Contact' and Other Israeli Fictions: Tourism, Globalization, and the Middle East Peace Process," Public Culture 14, 3 (2002): 515-543



Tourists and Terrorists: The case of Egypt (April 22, 23)


Tim Mitchell, "Worlds Apart: An Egyptian Village and the International Tourism Industry," Middle East Report No. 196 (September-October 1995): 8-11.


Jeannie Sowers, "Capital and Conservation: Globalization and the Politics of Protected Areas in Egypt" manuscript


Pratap Rughani, "Tourism: the final brochure,"  New Internationalist (July 1993): 7-12


Heba Aziz, "Understanding the attacks on tourists in Egypt" Tourism Management, Vol. 16, No. 2 (1995): 91-95.


Salah Wahab, "Tourism and terrorism: synthesis of the problem with emphasis on Egypt." In Tourism, Crime and International Security, edited by A. Pizzam and Y. Mansfeld, 175-186. London: John Wiley & Sons, 1996.


Sevil F. Sšnmez, "Tourism, Terrorism, and Political Instability," Annals of Tourism Research 25,2 (1998):416-456.



Airports, global airspace, and terrorism (April 29,30)


Daivd Pascoe, Airspaces (London: Reaktion Books, 2001), pp. 186-196


Pico Iyer, "Where Worlds Collide: In Los Angeles International Airport, the future touches down," Harper's Magazine (August 1995): 50-57


Pillip A. Karber, "Re-Constructing Global Aviation In An Era Of The Civil Aircraft As A Weapon Of Destruction," Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 25, Issue 2 (Spring 2002): 781-814.


** Optional research paper due May 2 by 4:30 in my mail box in 338 Mergenthaler **